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April 23 is the "National Sovereignty and Children's Day" (Ulusal Egemenlik ve Çocuk Bayramı) in Turkey The date commemorates the opening of Turkish National Assembly in 1920 during the Turkish Independence War. The designation of Children's Day came in 1929 upon the recommendation of the Institution of Children's Protection. Since 1986 the Turkish government organizes an international children's festival on April 23.
On April 23rd of every year, children in Turkey celebrate this "Sovereignty and Children's Day" as a national holiday, and is celebrated by citizens troughout the country during ceremonies preceding the day.
Among the activities on this day, children from all around Turkey gather in the capital city, Ankara, and they replace the selected members of the Grand National Assembly. They have an elected president and prime minister and they govern Turkey for one day in order to emphasize the importance of the children in the society.
Traditionally since 1986, children come to Turkey to represent their country of origin to children of the world with artistic performances. They're housed in Turkish homes and can meet with Turkish children. The groups of foreign children also participate in the special session held at the Grand National Assembly.
Turkish people hope these children will remember the day for their lives and will contribute to a bound with other cultures. The internationalisation is thus aimed toward Turkey's principle of,'peace at home, peace in the world', and "Sovereignty belongs unconditionally to the people".
The importance of April 23th is recognised by UNESCO since 1992, as the International Children's Day.
Children's Day is a holiday in many countries around the world:
1 International Children's Day
3 Hong Kong
7 South Korea
9 Taiwan (Republic of China)